Mother Teresa was born 26 August 1910. She was a Roman Catholic Religious Sister and missionary of Albanian origin. Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu is her full name. She lived for most of her life in India.She was the youngest children of Nikollë and Dranafile Bojaxhiu. Her father was involved in Albanian politics, he died in 1919 when Mother Teresa was eight years old. After her father’s death, her mother raised her as a Roman Catholic. Mother Teresa had first been recognized by the Indian government more than a third of a century earlier when she was awarded the Padma Shri in 1962 and the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding in 1969. She awarded The Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. She continued to receive major Indian awards in subsequent years, including India’s highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna, in 1980.
Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation, which in 2012 consisted of over 4,500 sisters and is active in 133 countries.Mother Teresa was operating 517 missions. They run hospices and homes for people with HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis; soup kitchens; dispensaries and mobile clinics; children’s and family counselling program’s, orphanages; and schools. Members of the order must adhere to the vows of chastity, poverty and obedience, and the fourth vow, to give “whole heart free service to the poorest of the poor”.
The first Missionaries of Charity home in the United States was established in the South Bronx, New York, by 1984 the order operated 19 establishments throughout the country.Mother Teresa was fluent in five languages: Bengali,Albanian, Serbian, English, and Hindi.Mother Teresa died 5 September 1997.